What are power plant operation and maintenance? A Power plant is a collection of Machines: Boiler, Turbine, Generators and other auxiliaries. The boiler produces hot water at very high pressure and temperature, to drive the turbine generators. The turbine converts the mechanical force of hot water to electrical energy. The generator then converts the mechanical force of the electricity into Direct Current (DC) energy used in appliances and lights.
Today, all of the large electrical power plants in the US use diesel generators. But the environmental and economic impacts have prompted the EPA to set standards for generators and vehicles. Many States have adopted tough regulations designed to eliminate pollution from power plants. The operating procedures, equipment and facility quality assessment must comply with EPA regulations. Maintenance services for these facilities are provided by a variety of companies.
Maintaining the facility is a major concern for the power plants. Maintenance involves two phases, pre-start and post-start. During the pre-start stage, all necessary equipment is prepared and instruments are checked for proper functioning. The pre-start checks include the switching of units and checking their loads. All necessary safety devices are tested as well.
After the pre-start inspections are completed, the next step is to pre-start the generator and load the unit. After that, all required checks are performed, and the machinery is ready for work. Power plant maintenance is a very difficult task; hence, it requires timely attention. The post-start stage involves the repair, replacement and cleaning of different components. Various safety devices need to be in place in order to prevent any accidents.
Maintaining a facility implies managing the problems that may arise at any time. It also involves finding a way to prevent any problems from arising in the first place. There are several factors involved when it comes to power plants. Maintenance includes everything that has anything to do with the functioning of an electrical device. Some of the factors include: voltage, temperature, and weight. This article will give you information on how electrical engineering plays an important role in power plants.
The main goal of the maintenance services is to keep the plants operating efficiently. For this, various systems need to be constantly monitored. The system that keeps track of plant performance is called the Control System. This system performs a wide range of functions including:
The power plant maintenance technicians are responsible for performing a wide variety of activities. These technicians perform different aspects of power plant maintenance such as: installing new pieces of equipment, replacing old equipment, cleaning, repairing, fabricating, testing, etc. These technicians are also responsible for the overall management of the plant operations. They are also responsible for determining when a maintenance cycle is going to be performed and how many cycles should be performed. When a maintenance cycle is started, it is commonly started to prevent any potential catastrophic events from occurring.
Other activities that a technician can perform include: inspecting the integrity of equipment, inspecting and testing spare parts, inspect control systems, install control systems, troubleshoot electrical systems, inspect the battery pack, repair defective equipment, etc. Most of these maintenance tasks can be performed manually but if they cannot, they usually call in a specialist to do the task for them. To give you a better idea on how this all works, let’s take a look at a typical day at a power plant. For this example, a small piece of equipment in the plant (the one we are most interested in) will start the first of its maintenance cycles. This piece of equipment will then send a message to the control room (another typical piece of equipment) telling the technician what problems it encounters, so the technician can then communicate with the owner of the piece of equipment in order to determine the cause of the problem and make any necessary changes to correct it.